Inventor: Plauson Hermann; Original Assignee: Plauson Hermann; Priority date H PLAUSON CONVERSION OF’ATMOSPHE’R IC ELECTRIC ENERGY v. Conversion of atmospheric electric energy. United States Patent Inventors: Hermann, Plauson. Application Number: USA. Publication Date. Hermann Plauson was an Estonian engineer and inventor. Plauson investigated the production of energy and power via atmospheric electricity. Biography.

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Germany, have; invented certain new and plauxon Improvements. Atmospheric electricity obtaincd in this way ‘hasbeen suggested to be’ used in theform of direct-currentfor-the charging of accumulators.

This knowledge 1 however is’ at present only theoretical asthe conversion in practice has hitherto been a Y non-conducting materials which are liableito ,be tornandare’ permeable to the gas; 1t 1s failure. Theballoons used for collecting the chargemust also be made-of very large size in order to be able tofsupporttheweight of hermxnn 5 tallic netting and the heavy.

Instead ofusingheavy metallic netting collectors attached to single-air b’alloons of proposed to use metallic balloon collectors which have the following important advantages i.

Such balloon Collectors of light-metal do not require to be of large size as they have to carry only their own moderate weiglit, an plason that of.

I The entire system therefore ofi’rs litand is resistant and stable.

Hermann Plauson – Wikipedia

Such hermanm allows va- 5 rious’ values of inductance to be chosen” whereby again the governing of the starting Y and stopping of machines drivenltli-ereby by I simply tuning the. Further, such currents have the. Further, with, such currents a series of apparatus may be fed without direct current supply through conductors’and also theelectro-magnetic high frequency’icurrents’ may be converted by means of’special motors plauskn for electromagnetic oscillations into-mechanical energy, or finally converted I by special’macl ines into alternating current of low frequency or even into direct current ofhigh potential.

The invention is more parti. Figure 2 is collectors are; interconnected by electrical I ja diagrammatic viewofthe simplest form.

Figure 3 shows a method of converting atmospheric electrical energy for use with Figure 7 shows means whereby the spark gap length can be adjusted. Figure 21 shows diagrammatically -an arrangement suitable for collecting large quantities of energy. Figure 27 shows a second method of connecting conductor for the balloon aerialsp Figure 28 shows an auto-transformer method of connection.

Figure 29 shows the simplest form of construction with incandescent-cathode. Figure 32 shows a form with cathode and electrode germann in a vacuum chamber. Figure 37 hermajn a form with a gas flame. Figure 1 illustrates asimple diagram for convertin static electricity into dynamic energy 0 a high pllauson of oscillations. For the sake of clearness in thedrawings an influence machine is assumed to be employed and not an aerial antenna. When the disc of the static influence machine is rotated by mechanical means, the combs collect the electric charges one the positive and the other the negative, and charge the condensers 5 and 6 until such ahi h potential is formed across the spark gap F8, that the spark gap is jumped.

As the spark gap 78 forms a closed circuit with condensers 6 and’5, and inductive resistance 9, as is well known, waves of high frequenc electromagnetic oscillations will hermannn in t is circuit.

When the oscillatory discharges in the primary hermznn becomes weaker Or entirely cease, the condensers are charged again by hermabn static electricity until the accumulated charge again breaks down the spark gap.

All this is repeated as long as electricity is produced by the static machine by employing mechanical energy. An elementary hermsnn of the invention is shown in Figure 2 in which two spark gaps in parallel are used one of which may be termed the working gap 7 in Figure 2.

In-Figure 2 A is the aerial antennafor collecting charges of atmospheric electricity. Now when through the aerial A the positive atmospheric electricity seeks to combine with the negative charge to earth, this is prevented by the air gap between the spark gaps.

Category: Hermann H. Plauson

The resistance of the spark. So long therefore, as the resistance of volta e be inorease’d by any influences so ,that it might. Theelectromagnetic high frequency alternating current obtained can be tapped ofi’ fronr the conductors’ll.

Ehrmann kinds of motors adapted for working with these peculiarelectrical charges ‘fmay be connected at This precaution consists according to this magnets or choking coils in the aerial. In thecase of high voltages in the aerial network or at places wherethere are fre quent thunder storms, several such magnets may however be connectedin series. The winding may be made of primary and secondarywindingsin the.


The primary ‘windingwill be then connected. In theflatter caseit’ispossible to regulate to, a certain the, further. Figure 3 shows the simplest way plauosn con- 1 verting atmospheric electricityinto electromagnetic wave’energy by the use of special motors adapted for high.

Recent improvements in motors for ,work- A ‘iing ‘with static charges and motors Working by resonance, that is to say, having groups of tuned electromagnetic cooperating cir.

A is a vertical aerial or aerial network.

S the safety choke or’ electromagnet with coil 0 as maybe seen’ is connected-with the aerialfA. The positive atmospheric plausoon charge collected tends to COIIIblIIG WIth the negative electricity or earth electricity connected -with the earth wirei It travels along the aerial A through the electromagnet S witho’utbeing checked as it flows in’thesai’ne di Further, its.

The stator condenser surfaces are charged until the charge is, greater than the resistance of the spark gap-7, whereupon a spark springs overthe spark gap?

The motor here forms the cav pacity and thene’ce’ss’ary inductance and re sistance, which, as is well known, are neces sary for converting static electricity into electromagnetic wave energy.

US1540998A – Conversion of atmospheric electric energy – Google Patents

The discharges formed are “converted hermanj mechanical energy in special motors and can not reach the aerial network by reason of tends t6 flow toearth, a counter voltage is. The circuit containing spark gap 8 having a different wave length which is notin reso nance with the natural fr quency of the motor, does not endanger the motor andserves as security against excess voltage.

This construction atl’ords mainly a better insulation of the motor against excess voltage and a uniform excitation through. The main plaueon is that here the germann gap consists of a star shaped disc 7 which can rotate on its own axis and is rotated by a motor opposite similarly fitted electrodes 7. It is evident that a motor may also be directly connected to the ends of the spiral 9.

The construction of the diagram shown in Figure 6 permits of the oscillation circuit of the motor being connected-with an induction coil. Here a regulating inductive resistance is introduced for counter-acting excess voltages in the motor.

Hermann Plauson

By cutting the separate coils 9 coupled inductively to the 1 aerial in or out the inductive action on the motor hermannn be more or less increased or variable aerial action may be exerted on the oscillation circuit. Diagram 8 shows a unipolar connection of the motor with the aerial network.

Here two oscillation circuits are closed through the same motor. The first oscillation circuit passes from aerial A through electromagnet S, point: The second oscillation circuit starts from the pplauson condenser 5 at the hfrmann From this arrangement slightly damped oscillation wave currents are produced.

In the diagram illustrated in Figure 9a loosely coupled system of connections is illustrated which is assumed to be for small motors for measuring purposes. A indicates the aerial conductor, S the electromagnet in the aerial conductor, 9 the inductance, 7 the spark gap, 5 and 6 condensers, E the earth, M the motor, and l and 2 stator connections of the motor.

The -motor is directly metallicallv connected with the oscillation circuit.

In Figure 10a purely inductive coupling is employed for the motor circuit. The motor is connected with the secondary wire 10 as maybe seen in Figure 11 in a somewhat modified diagram connection.

The same applies to the diagram of Figure The diagrams’hitherto described preferi ably. For large aggregates, however, they are too inconvenient as the construction of two or more oscillation circuits for large amounts of energy is diflicult; the governing is still more ditlicult and the danger in switching on or off is greater. The oscillation circuit here runsstarting from the point a: If the motor is connected by brushes 3 and 4 transversely to the two arms of the bridge lUU as shown in the drawings, electromagnetic” oscillations of equal sign are induced in the stator surfaces 1 and 2 and the motor does not revolve.

The maximum action will result if one If however, the brushes 3 and brush 3 comes on the central sparking con- 5 tact 7 andajthe other brushf l on the part By this arrangement a good transforming action is obtained, a loose coupling and also an.

In Figure the motoris not purelyin-fformerf V In Figure 16 instead of an inductance a condenser. This has the advanta that the segments 3 and 4 need not f ade of solid metal but may’consist. The arrangements of’ ‘Figures 1 7, 18 and 19 may be employed for use with resonance and particularly with induction hermamn motors; between the large stator induction condenser surfaces, small reversing pole con- “densers are connected, which, as may be seen from Figures18 and 19 are led together to earth.


Such reversing poles have theadvantage that with large quantities I of electrical energy the spark formation between the separate oscillation circuits ceases. The mercury electrode of the vacuum tube N is therefore connected with the aerial conductor and hermnn steel electrode with the oscillation circuit. Oscillations iwhi’ch are formed on being transformed in the oscillation circuit cannot pass. In practice these vacuum tubes must be connected behind hetmann electromagnetas the latteralone afi’ords no danger of lightning.

As regardsthe use of spark gaps, all arrangements as used for Wireless telegraphy may be used. Of course the spark gapsin large her,ann musthave. In very large stations they are cooled in liquid carbonica-cid or bettcrstill in liquid nitrogen or hydrogen; in most cases the cooling may also take place by means of liquefied low homologues of. The spark gap casing must also be insulated and be of protection against the the operation walls. I havee’mployed with very goodresults mercury elec.

Schoops metal spraying process, may however also be employed; A’. In addition tometal balloons, fabric bal-f 4 metallic surfacemay also be produced by f lacquering with metallic bronzes, preferably ‘accordingto Schoops spraying process or lacqu’ering with metallic bronze powders in two electrical series of widely different metals, because therebythe collecting effect is considerably increase I Instead of: The wind will impart a portion of itsenergy in the form.

In these towers copper tubes rise freely further above the top of the tower. A gas lamp secured against the wind is then lit at the point of the heermann tube and anetting is secured to p the copper tube over the flame of this lamp ,nected with a horizontal conductor.

The gas is conveyed through the interior of the tube up to the summit. The copper tube must be absolutely protected from moisture at the place at which’it enters the hermabn and also rain plauxon be prevented running down the walls of the tower which might lead to a bad catastrophe.

This is done by bell shaped enlargements which expand downwards, being arranged in’the tower in the form of high voltage insulators of Siamese pagodas. Special attention must be devoted to the foundations of such towers. They must be well insulated from the ground, which may be obtained by first embedding a layer of concrete in a box form to a sufficient depth in the ground and inserting in this an asphalt lining and then glass bricks cast about 1 or 2 metres in thickness.

Over this in turn there is a ferro-concrete layer in which alone the metal foot of the tube is secured. This concrete block must be at least 2 metres from the ground and be fully protected at the sides by a wooden covering, from moisture. In the lower part of the tower a wood or glass house for the large condenser batteries or for the motors may be constructed. In order to lead the earth connection to the ground water, a well insulated pit constructed of vitreous bricks, must be provided.

Several such towers are erected at equal distances apart and con- The horizontal connecting wires may either run directly from tower to tower or be carried on bell shaped insulators similar to those in use for high voltage conductors.

The width of the network may be of any suitable size and the connection of the motors can take place at any suitable places. In order to collect large quantities of electricity with few aerials it is well to provide the aerial conductor with batteries of condensers as shown in two methods of con struction in Figures 21 and In Figure 2l-the batteries of condensers 5 are connected on the one hand with the aerial electricity collectors Z by the aerial conductor A, and on the other hand interconnected in mountains and one inthe plain or even of different polarity these differences may be compensated for by connecting sufficiently large condenser batteries 5, 5, 5″ by means of Maji starconductors D and D In Figme 23 a connection of three suclri’ings of collectors to form a triangle with a central condenser battery is illustrated.

The condenser batteries of such large installations must be embedded in liquefied gases or in liquids freezing at very low temperatures.