The eThekwini Declaration continues the trend of successively widening and deepening cooperation between the BRICS. The 5th BRICS. The Second African Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene—AfricaSan+5—was heldin Durban, South Africa from February 18–21, , with. 5th BRICS Summit – eThekwini Declaration and Action Plan. 1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the.
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eThekwini Declaration and AfricaSan Action Plan –
While this may be consistent with domestic monetary policy mandates, major Central Banks should avoid the unintended consequences of these actions in the form of increased volatility of capital flows, currencies and commodity prices, which may have negative growth effects on other economies, in particular developing countries. We express concern about the reports of the deterioration in humanitarian conditions in Mali and call upon the international community to continue to cooperate with Mali and its neighbouring countries in order to ensure humanitarian assistance to civilian population affected by the armed conflict.
We consider that the next Director-General of the WTO should be a representative of a developing country. We believe that the UN has a central role in coordinating international action against terrorism within the framework of the UN Charter and in accordance with principles and norms of international law.
Afghanistan needs time, development assistance and cooperation, preferential access to world markets, foreign investment and a clear end-state strategy to attain lasting peace and stability. Finally, the eThekwini Action Plan is quite similar to last year’s Delhi Action plan which was largely fulfilled – listing an impressive number of ministerial meetings during most of We urge all members to take all necessary steps to achieve an agreement on the quota formula and complete the next general quota review by January The declaration has an assertive ring to it: Some of these actions produce negative spillover effects on other economies of the world.
Central Banks in advanced economies have responded with unconventional monetary policy actions which have increased global liquidity. We commend the efforts of the international community and acknowledge the central role of the African Union AU and its Peace and Security Council in conflict resolution in Africa. The UN enjoys universal membership and is at the centre of global governance and multilateralism. We reaffirm our support for an open, transparent and rules-based multilateral trading system.
Was Syria an exception?
The eThekwini declaration and AfricaSan action plan
In view of the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Syria, we call upon all parties to allow and facilitate immediate, safe, full and unimpeded access to humanitarian organisations to all in need of ethekwjni. We reiterate our strong condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and stress that there can be no justification, whatsoever, for any acts of terrorism.
In such circumstances, we reaffirm our strong commitment to support growth and foster financial stability. We reiterate our commitment to work together for accelerated progress in attaining the Millennium Development Goals MDGs by the target date ofand we call upon other members of the international community to work towards the same ehtekwini.
It would also contribute to strengthening the global financial safety net and complement existing international arrangements as an additional line of defence. We will review progress made in these two initiatives at our next meeting in September We will seek to stimulate infrastructure investment on the basis of mutual benefit to support industrial development, job-creation, skills development, food and nutrition security and poverty eradication and sustainable development in Africa.
eThekwini Declaration and AfricaSan Action Plan
We believe there is no alternative to a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear issue. We emphasise the importance of ensuring steady, adequate and predictable access to erhekwini term finance for developing countries from a variety of sources. Developing countries face challenges of infrastructure development due to insufficient long-term financing and foreign direct investment, especially investment in capital stock.
We also considered our role in the international system as based on an inclusive approach of shared solidarity and cooperation towards all nations and peoples. This is a major step towards institutionalizing cooperation:. We declaragion the importance of political inclusiveness and economic and social development in order for Mali to achieve sustainable peace and stability.
Most notable, perhaps, is the possible dsclaration of a “virtual Secretariat” under the declarqtion “New areas of cooperation to be explored” – policy analysts and academics from all BRICS countries should now use the coming year to develop the suggestions made in the last part of the declaration further and enrich the debate with proposals – for example about what a virtual BRICS Secretariat should do.
We remain concerned with the slow pace of the reform of the IMF. It is the overarching objective and strong shared desire for peace, security, development and cooperation that brought declatation BRICS countries. This may sound encouraging, but etjekwini clearly short of actual Russian and Chinese support for providing permanent seats to Dec,aration, India and South Africa – yet this is largely due to Japan’s role in the G4, and thus unlikely to be resolved at a BRICS Summit.
We therefore, reaffirm our support for sustainable infrastructure development in Africa. We have agreed efhekwini establish the New Development Bank. In this regard, China and Russia reiterate the importance they attach to the status of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and support their aspiration to play a greater role in the UN. The leadership selection of IFIs should be through an open, transparent and merit-based process and truly open to candidates from the emerging market economies and developing countries.
All options should be explored, with an open mind, to achieve this. We are grateful to our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors for the work undertaken on the New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement and direct them to negotiate and conclude the agreements which will establish them.
We agree that the next summit cycles will, in principle, follow the sequence of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. We are ready to work with the international community to assist in this endeavour and facilitate progress to a peaceful resolution of the conflict.
We met at a time which ethekwii that we consider issues of mutual interest and systemic importance in order to share concerns and to develop lasting solutions. We are gravely concerned with the deterioration in the current situation in the Central African Republic CAR and deplore the loss of life.
We welcome the appointment of the new Chairperson of the AU Commission as an affirmation of the leadership of women. In this context, we support the implementation of the UN General Assembly Global Feclaration Strategy and are determined to strengthen cooperation in declaeation this global threat.
In this regard, we stress that the development agenda beyond should build on the MDG framework, keeping the focus on poverty eradication and human development, while addressing emerging challenges of development taking into consideration individual national circumstances of developing countries. The declaration has an dthekwini ring to it:.
We also underscore the need for appropriate action to be taken by advanced economies in order to rebuild confidence, foster growth and secure a strong recovery. This is a major step towards institutionalizing cooperation: Yet seven of the nine candidates are from developing countries, which provides the other BRICS countries wiggle room to support someone else. We look forward to significant and meaningful deliverables that are balanced and address key development concerns of the poorest and most vulnerable WTO members, at the ninth Ministerial Conference of the WTO in Bali.