Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubs, the only genus in its family, Ephedraceae, and Ephedra chilensis – Chile, Argentina; Ephedra compacta Rose – widespread in much of Mexico; Ephedra coryi – Cory’s Ephedra. An Ephedra chilensis in uska species han Plantae in nahilalakip ha divisio nga An Ephedra chilensis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Ephedra, ngan familia nga. Andean Joint Fir Pingo Pingo as the locals in Ecuador call it. Native to gravelly slopes in the Andes this went through 9F unprotected in 4 pots the winter of
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Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubsthe only genus in its family, Ephedraceaeand order, Ephedrales.
The various species of Ephedra are widespread in many lands, native to southwestern North Americasouthern Europenorthern Africasouthwest and central Asianorthern China and western South America. In temperate climatesmost Ephedra species grow on shores or in sandy soils with direct sun exposure.
Common names in English include joint-pinejointfirMormon-tea or Brigham tea. The Chinese name for Ephedra species is mahuang simplified Chinese: Ephedra is also sometimes called sea grape from the Epheda raisin de mera common name for the flowering plant Coccoloba uvifera.
Plants of the genus Ephedraincluding E. These compounds are sympathomimetics with stimulant and decongestant qualities and are chemically substituted amphetamines.
Pollen of Ephedra spp. Pettitt has stated that “[a] recent examination of the microfauna from the strata into which the grave was cut suggests that the pollen was deposited by the burrowing rodent Meriones persicuswhich is common in the Shanidar microfauna and whose burrowing activity can be observed today”. Alkaloids chielnsis from the species of Ephedra used in herbal medicines, chilfnsis are used to synthetically prepare pseudoephedrine and ephedrine, can cause cardiovascular events.
These events have been associated with arrhythmias, palpitations, tachycardia and myocardial infarction. Caffeine consumption in combination with ephedrine has been reported to increase the risk of these cardiovascular events. Earliest uses of Ephedra spp.
Ephedrine and isomers were already isolated in from Ephedra dystachia and characterized by the Japanese organic chemist Nagai Nagayoshi of the 19th century. His work to access Ephedra drug materials to isolate a pure pharmaceutical substance, and the systematic production of semi-synthetic derivatives thereof is relevant still today as the three species Ephedra sinicaEphedra vulgaris and to a lesser extent Ephedra equisetina are commercially grown in Mainland China as a source for natural ephedrines and isomers for use in pharmacy.
Reliable information on the total alkaloid content of the crude drug is difficult to obtain. For a review of the alkaloid distribution in different species of the genus Ephedra see Jian-fang Cui Ephedra nevadensis Nevada Mormon tea have not been systematically assayed; based on unpublished field investigations, they ephhedra very low levels less than 0.
Ephedra chilensis – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the genus Ephedra. For the use of the plant in medicine, see Ephedra. Retrieved 20 January The Alchemy of Culture. Chemistry and PharmacologyVol. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel; Switzerland, pp. Retrieved from ” https: Gymnosperm genera Ephedraceae Medicinal plants Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine Extant Early Cretaceous first appearances Aptian genus first appearances.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
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File:Ephedra chilensis – Palmengarten Frankfurt – DSC01893.JPG
Ephedra fragilis in Mallorca. Chaetocladus Nelson nom. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ephedraceae.