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According to the study, young fund manager tend to work more, because need to develop a reputation of efficient asset managers. In the beginning of the 90 s general SRI and Green investment were more strictly linked, but as the area advanced, there are now different points of view between them, such as investment criteria, screening technique and so on. Foundations of the Green Investment Area The foundations of the Green Investment are multiple, coming from different sources academic, governmental, local, global.

A hedge portfolio is any asset or collection of assets purchased by one or more agents for hedging.

Any company is eligible for this kind of investment. In mainstream economics, the impact of economic activity vizzohto the environment, a classic case of negative externality, was first addressed by ARTHUR PIGOU and his theory on efficient social level of activity which can be reached trough taxation of private parties. The movement has different origins, because of the intense participation of important schools of thought that gave birth to topics such as Public Choice Theory, Institutional Law and Economics and Neoinstitutional Law and Economics.

A investment has two kinds of risk the risk of the market and the risk of the individual company.

But this does not mean that all investment in this area follow the same and specific factors and basics. That the economic approach to human behavior and its extensions is important and relevant is not a matter of discussion, but the words of GARY BECKER confirm the foundations of this approach: This means that companies that do not fulfill or accomplish certain factors are excluded from the portfolio of investment of a mutual fund manager.

It also includes funds and other financial instruments that invest in this kind of area. This can happen also to green investors. Below is legislation about these issues – at country and continental level, as well as soft law in state and the global level.

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New citations to this author. See, also, the studies that are made by the Sustainable Investment Research Platform.

BibTeX records: Bruno Boessio Vizzotto

Investor advisers have already established some guidelines and behavioral patterns for investors who want to invest in the green area Green Pension Funds Pension funds can be defined as financial intermediaries which collect and invest funds on a pooled basis for eventual repayment to members in the form of pensions From this standpoint, it s possible to deduct that financial instruments are increasingly interconnected and there is a complex network of relationships and interplay among the actors of this system.

Normally companies ask for venture capital because of their size, stage of development, degree of leverage or the nature of the company and business The fourth part will be the merger of Economic and Legal fields.

The two folded problem was a strategic contribution of the supervisor, Professor Doctor Rainer Kulms. Due to the diversity of market and competition among mutual fund companies, funds can present different approaches focus in industry sector or in eco-friendly practices, e.

Nevertheless, following the dynamic speed of the market, the flow of information is already well spread, but neither coordinated nor standardized. On the other hand, SRI mutual funds that are located in UK and US does not present a important underperformance in relation to their benchmarks. My profile My library Metrics Alerts. It is the shareholders money being used to increase sustainability e.

Draft background paper for discussion at session V. A signal that mutual fund industry is trying to recover from the subprime crisis is the fact that fund managers are being aggressive towards risky investments From here on, we can say that the flow of money in this kind of investment configures a signal that regulation and contracting schemes sooner or later, in a soft or hard way – will be necessary.

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The investment in Green Shares of companies that adopt green practices means that those investors are aware of the relationship between the environment and the share value of the company i. Ethics in business 4, the role of trust and the advantages of cooperation in long term relationships, are some of the philosophical foundations 5 of this new investment trend.

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For example, mutual funds are considerable regulated by norms and principles, both in the state as well as at the global level, to different scopes and degrees 88 of enforceability. The choice between these regulators presents a considerable trade-off, and each has its advantages as well as disadvantages. The first chapter introduces and establishes the concept of Green investment Green shares. Verified email at ucpel.

Following this track, a description of how they work, with an analysis and review of the literature and of empirical data, especially related to performance and contractual clauses. Since Stockholm, other United Nations scale international meetings that held talks concerning the environment have been Nairobi inRio inwhich resulted in the Agenda and Johannesburg in.

It will depend vizzorto of the nature of the fund, the investment strategy of it and also of the investor behavior 1. Articles Cited by Co-authors.

Self denominated green hedge funds already exist.

The notion that firms activities can have important consequences to the environment and that this can affect, in the long run, the own share value of the company, made shareholders and managers care about the sustainability not only of the environment.

This objective is to be periodically measured Economics Perspective Economic scholarship does not ignore the impact of environment and the affect of a modification on the existing natural resources in the market.

It s a framework whose core function is to develop a risk-sharing structure, reaping the benefits of economies of scale. As a result, Corporate Social Responsibility vizzottl Social Responsible Investment vizzoyto to increase their participation in discussions that involved the firm and its value maximization.