DEFINISI PAP SMEAR PDF

Definisi pap smear • Pap Test adalah pemeriksaan sitologik epitel porsio dan endoserviks uteri untuk penentuan adanya perubahan praganas maupun ganas di. Is obtaining sample of exfoliated cell (dead cells that are shed) @ simple test to look at cervical cells The specimen should be obtained 2. determinants of Pap smear utilization for cervical cancer early detection in women of reproductive age using path analysis model. Subjects and Method: This.

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The wall of the canal presents an anterior and a posterior longitudinal ridge, from each of which proceed a number of small oblique columns, the palmate foldsgiving the appearance of branches from the stem fefinisi a tree; to this arrangement the name arbor vitae uteri is applied.

Dalimartha, ; Matsukura et al.

E6 and E7 proteins of HPV modulate cellular proteins that regulate the cell cycle. This cancer usually occurs in women who have aged, but the statistical evidence shows that cervical cancer can also attack women aged between 20 to 30 years Anonim, Spread to the pelvic wall, occurs hydronephrosis or renal function failure, or both. The anterior is shorter and thicker, though it projects lower than the posterior because of the slope of the cervix.

Cervical canal

The folds on the two walls are devinisi exactly opposed, but fit between one another so as to close the cervical canal. Spread to distant organs. Germinal epithelium Tunica albuginea cortex Cumulus oophorus Stroma Medulla. For the Spanish footballer, see Agus footballer.

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Bethesda system – Wikipedia

Nevertheless, in the region of Western Australia, there were 85 women diagnosed positive for cervical cancer every year. Wikipedia articles with TA98 identifiers. Binds to a cellular protein called E6-associated protein E6-AP form a ubiquitin E3 ligase targets the tumor suppressor p53 degradation Gewin et al. The three types of HPV can cause abnormal cell growth, but only type 2 and 3 are causing cancer Anonim, ; Definisk et al. American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology.

This examination can be carried out by a gynecologist Anonim, Statistical data reported that the risk of cervical cancer would be higher if women smoke. It is then exposed to the acidic environment of the vagina and, through a process of squamous metaplasiatransforms into stratified squamous epithelium. Hormonal therapy may be indicated for symptomatic erosion.

Pemakaian Dietilstilbestrol DES 7.

CIN 1 is the most common and most benign form of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and usually resolves spontaneously within two years. Sexually transmitted diseases 3.

Cervical Cancer

Colposcope is a binocular microscope sort of tool that uses a powerful light with high magnification Anonim, b. However, not all women who have CIN will suffer cancer. Second edition of ‘The Bethesda System for reporting cervical cytology’ — Atlas, website, and Bethesda interobserver reproducibility project. Mucopurulent cervicitis may increase the size of the cervical ectropion.

The developments of cervical cancer include light dysplasia 5 yearsmedium dysplasia 3 yearsand heavy dysplasia 1 year to become cancerous stadium 0. George Papanicolou smwar, so-called Pap smear test.

Views Read Edit View history. Crus of msear Corpus cavernosum Clitoral glans Hood. In this casemeans that employees in the Lab can not see the cervical cells with detail thus failing to make a comprehensive report to the doctor. Ujian Pap Smear dilakukan dengan menggunakan spekulum atau berus serviks yang akan dimasukkan ke dalam faraj.

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Cervical ectropion – Wikipedia

But, E2 is not expressed on the DNA viral integrates existing host cell genomebecause E2 genes undergo splitting and become inactive. Gartner’s duct Epoophoron Vesicular appendages of epoophoron Paroophoron. Eefinisi articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray’s Anatomy Mammal female reproductive system.

Adnexa Ovaries Follicles corpus hemorrhagicum luteum albicans Theca of follicle externa interna Follicular antrum Follicular fluid Corona radiata Zona pellucida Membrana granulosa Perivitelline smeear. Views Read Edit View history. Gartner’s duct Epoophoron Vesicular appendages of epoophoron Paroophoron.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Changing sex partners 5. Extermination of both oncogenes are considered to be applied in the treatment of cervical cancer molecular Yamato et al.

Isthmus Ampulla Infundibulum Fimbria Ostium. Srikaya Annona squamosa L. According to sources obtained, women who have cancer is intensified by pxp habit to smoke Anonim, Views Read Edit View history.

Spread to adjacent organs. During these breaks, proper treatment will soon be able to stop the abnormal cells before they turn into cancer cells. If there is an infection or inflammation.