2 juil. La ville de Bruxelles, capitale de la Belgique et de l’Europe, compte de son livre L’Assassinat de Lumumba, révèle combien le sujet peut être. Le 14 septembre, le colonel Joseph Mobutu dirige un coup d’État qui est suivi par l’arrestation et l’assassinat de Lumumba. Des combats, entrecoupés de. Lumumba – popular, articulate and a hero of the anti-colonial struggle L’ Assassinat de Lumumba, Ludo de Witte, editions Karthala Paris.
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A university named after him was established in Moscow and became a magnet for students from the third world.
On January 17Lumumba, under arrest by Mobutu’s forces, was transferred to Katanga on a Sabena plane on the orders of Aspremont Lynden and the Belgian foreign minister, Pierre Wigny. His page book, just published in French, throws new light on one of the darkest chapters in Belgium’s long and rapacious relationship with Congo, and establishes clear state responsibility for a brutal political murder.
Belgium Europe Patrice Lumumba. But within a month a civil war erupted, provoked by the attempted secession of the copper-rich Katanga province, led by Moise Tshombe.
The United States saw the militant nationalist Lumumba as a communist sympathiser; CIA asaassinat in plans to kill him has been long established by senate hearings and declassified documents.
Patrice Lumumba — Wikipedia
Tshombe recruited Belgian, French and South African mercenaries to fight the government. But Mr De Witte’s research showed that by the time Lumumba was killed Washington had little ability to operate on the ground in Congo and had given way to Brussels.
Evidence of direct Belgian government complicity in the execution of the Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba must be made public and those implicated questioned, a historian demanded yesterday. In his political testament, written in jail shortly before he was killed, he reflected: But he insisted he had later thrown them into the North Sea.
Lugo de Witte, a Flemish expert on Africa, called for a parliamentary commission of inquiry to hear testimony under oath from former officials involved in the killing of one of Africa’s most charismatic post-colonial leaders. He was assaulted in the presence of Belgian officers and tortured in a villa guarded by Belgian troops, assassijat being shot by an execution squad supervised by a Belgian captain.
Lumumba was deposed and an unknown colonel called Joseph-Desire Mobutu took control of country, which he renamed Zaire, and remained a faithful friend of the west until his overthrow in May His body was exhumed by a Belgian police commissioner, Gerard Soete, and dissolved in acid. United Nations forces intervened in the biggest peacekeeping operation the UN had mounted since being founded, but they did little more than maintain the status quo.
In a macabre twist, Mr Soete admitted on Belgian television last year that he had kept two of the victim’s teeth, prompting calls for their return to Congo. These people must be questioned under oath, and if that can be done there will be many more revelations. Last month the government approved the creation of a parliamentary commission to investigate the episode, but its precise terms of reference have yet to be decided.
Proclamation de l’indépendance du Congo | Perspective monde
Much is now known about this year-old mystery, but crucial information remains buried in Belgian government files, including the records of a secret Congo committee which met under the chairmanship of then prime minister, Gaston Eyskens. After his death Lumumba became a powerful symbol of the anti-colonial struggle. Lumumba – popular, articulate and a hero of the anti-colonial struggle – was just 36 when he became the first prime minister of the inde pendent Congo in June